Centrosome cohesion is regulated by a balance of kinase and phosphatase activities

Meraldi, P. and Nigg, E. A.. (2001) Centrosome cohesion is regulated by a balance of kinase and phosphatase activities. Journal of cell science, Vol. 114, H. 20. pp. 3749-3757.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249412

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Centrosome cohesion and separation are regulated throughout the cell cycle, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Since overexpression of a protein kinase, Nek2, is able to trigger centrosome splitting (the separation of parental centrioles), we have surveyed a panel of centrosome-associated kinases for their ability to induce a similar phenotype. Cdk2, in association with either cyclin A or E, was as effective as Nek2, but several other kinases tested did not significantly interfere with centrosome cohesion. Centrosome splitting could also be triggered by inhibition of phosphatases, and protein phosphatase 1 alpha (PP1 alpha) was identified as a likely physiological antagonist of Nek2. Furthermore, we have revisited the role of the microtubule network in the control of centrosome cohesion. We could confirm that microtubule depolymerization by nocodazole causes centrosome splitting. Surprisingly, however, this drug-induced splitting also required kinase activity and could specifically be suppressed by a dominant-negative mutant of Nek2. These studies highlight the importance of protein phosphorylation in the control of centrosome cohesion, and they point to Nek2 and PP1 alpha as critical regulators of centrosome structure.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:17

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