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Differentiating the behavioural profile in autism and mental retardation and testing of a screener

Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Metzke, Christa Winkler. (2004) Differentiating the behavioural profile in autism and mental retardation and testing of a screener. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 13, H. 4. pp. 214-220.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838913

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Abstract

In order to differentiate the behavioural profiles in autism and mental retardation and to cross-validate a behavioural autism screen, 84 subjects with autism (64 males and 20 females) with a mean age of 10 years selected from a Swiss national survey were compared to a control group of 84 subjects matched by age and gender with mental retardation, but without autistic features. The behavioural profile was assessed using the Developmental Behaviour Checklist (DBC). The behavioural profile in autism, in contrast to mental retardation, was marked by higher scores in the domains of disruptive, self-absorbed, communication disturbed, anxious and autistic behaviour, and a higher total DBC score. Furthermore, a higher vulnerability for behavioural abnormalities became evident for females with autism. A recently proposed DBC-Autism Screen was cross-validated, and a slight extension of the screen led to even higher correct classification rates. It was concluded that the DBC is a suitable instrument for the assessment of the behavioural profile and for screening in autism.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1018-8827
e-ISSN:1435-165X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 07:55
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:44

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