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Prevalence of affective disorders in children and adolescents: findings from the Zurich epidemiological studies

Steinhausen, H.-C. and Winkler Metzke, C.. (2003) Prevalence of affective disorders in children and adolescents: findings from the Zurich epidemiological studies. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 418. pp. 20-23.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838919

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Affective disorders were studied in two epidemiological studies of children and adolescents in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland. METHOD: In the Zurich Epidemiological Study of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology Study (ZESCAP) in 1994 a representative cohort of 1964 pupils aged 7-16 years was studied. The Zurich Adolescent Psychology and Psychopathology Study (ZAPPS) included 1089 adolescents aged 15-19 years who were assessed in 1997. A two-stage approach with questionnaire screening of the entire sample in stage 1 and consecutive interviews in stage 2 was used in both studies. Diagnoses according to DSM-III-R were derived from structured parent interviews in the ZESCAP and from both parent and adolescent interviews in the ZAPPS. RESULTS: The total prevalence rate for affective disorders in the ZESCAP was 0.66% (SE 0.25) whereas it was 5.1% based on adolescent interviews and 1.2% based on parent interviews in the ZAPPS. Adolescent girls have significantly higher prevalence rates for affective disorders than boys (9.4 vs. 1.1%). CONCLUSION: These findings are in accordance with various other international epidemiological studies on affective disorders in children and adolescents.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0065-1591
e-ISSN:1600-0447
Note:Also published in: The psychosocial background of affective disorders. - Copenhagen : Blackwell Munksgaard, 2003. - S. 20-23 -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 10:06
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:44

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