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Behavioral phenotypes in four mental retardation syndromes : fetal alcohol syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and tuberosis sclerosis

Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Von Gontard, Alexander and Spohr, Hans-Ludwig and Hauffa, Berthold P. and Eiholzer, Urs and Backes, Margitta and Willms, Judith and Malin, Zeno. (2002) Behavioral phenotypes in four mental retardation syndromes : fetal alcohol syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and tuberosis sclerosis. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 111 (4). pp. 381-387.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838924

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Abstract

Behavioral phenotypes were studied in four mental retardation syndromes using the Developmental Behavior Checklist (DBC). The four samples comprised fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), fragile X syndrome (FRAX), and tuberosis sclerosis (TSC). Both on the item and the subscale level, there were clear behavioral differentiations across the four syndromes. FAS and FRAX proved to be most clearly differentiated from the other two samples, with PWS and TSC showing lower scores and less abnormal behavior profiles. Neither intelligence nor gender nor age contributed to variations in the number of behavior abnormalities. It was concluded that the DBC as a quantitative approach contributes significantly to the differentiation of behavioral phenotypes in various mental retardation syndromes.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0148-7299
e-ISSN:1096-8628
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 07:45
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:43

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