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Neuroelectric mapping reveals precursor of stop failures in children with attention deficits

Brandeis, D. and van Leeuwen, T. H. and Rubia, K. and Vitacco, D. and Steger, J. and Pascual-Marqui, R. D. and Steinhausen, H. C.. (1998) Neuroelectric mapping reveals precursor of stop failures in children with attention deficits. Behavioural brain research, Vol. 94, no. 1. pp. 111-125.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838939

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Abstract

Children with attention deficit disorders (ADD) may have specific problems with response inhibition in the STOP task. This task requires that subjects stop responses to a primary task if a second signal follows. However, it is unclear whether these problems reflect an impairment of the stopping process per se, whether they are related to reduced frontal lobe activation and whether they are confined to severe and pervasive forms of ADD. In 11 ADD and nine control children, 32 channel event-related EEG potentials (ERPs) were recorded in a STOP and a delayed GO task. Mapping revealed that both tasks evoked a similar sequence of neuroelectric microstates, i.e. of time segments with stable map topography. Adaptive segmentation identified the transition between these microstates. Reliable group differences were found in several microstates and in both tasks despite matched performance. In the GO task, ADD children had topographically altered P2/N2 microstates and attenuated P300-type microstates. In the STOP task, a topographically altered N1 microstate which coincided with the onset of the stop signal preceded the stop failures of ADD children. The timing of this microstate is too early to reflect deficits in actual stop signal processing and instead suggests altered initial orienting of attention to the primary signal in ADD children. Imaging with low resolution tomography (LORETA) during this microstate to stop failures indicated mainly posterior activation for both groups and increased rather than reduced frontal activation in ADD children. For a later microstate (P550), LORETA indicated strong frontal activation after successful stopping, but no group differences. The results suggest that information processing of ADD children deviates during activation of posterior mechanisms which may be related to the orienting of attention and which precedes and partly determines inhibitory control problems in ADD.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0166-4328
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2012 06:55
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:43

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