Muscular timing and inter-muscular coordination in healthy females while walking

Huber, Cora and Nüesch, Corina and Göpfert, Beat and Cattin, Philippe C. and von Tscharner, Vinzenz. (2011) Muscular timing and inter-muscular coordination in healthy females while walking. Journal of neuroscience methods, Vol. 201, no. 1. pp. 27-34.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5844589

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The dynamic interplay between muscles surrounding the knee joint, the central nervous system and external factors require a control strategy to generate and stabilise the preferred gait pattern. The electromyographic (EMG) signal is a common measure reflecting the neuromuscular control strategies during dynamic tasks. Neuromuscular control mechanisms, found in processed EMG signals, showed a precise pacing with a pacing rhythm and a tight control of muscle activity in running and maximally contracted muscles. The purpose of this study was to provide an insight how muscles get activated during walking. The EMG power, extracted by the wavelet transform (92-395Hz), over a time period encompassing 250ms before and 250ms after heel strike was analysed. The study showed that the wavelet-based analysis of EMG signals was sufficiently sensitive to detect a synchronisation of the activation of thigh muscles while walking. The results within each single subject and within the group consisting of 10 healthy females showed that, although there was a lot of jitter in the locations of the intensity peaks, the muscle activation is controlled, on average, by a neuromuscular activity paced at about 40ms, however with variable amplitudes. Albeit the jitter of the signal, the results resolved the temporal dependency of intensity peaks within muscles surrounding the knee and provided an insight into neural control of locomotion. The methodology to assess the stabilising muscle activation pattern may provide a way to discriminate subjects with normal gait pattern form those with a deteriorated neuromuscular control strategy.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedical Engineering > Imaging and Computational Modelling > Center for medical Image Analysis & Navigation (Cattin)
UniBasel Contributors:Cattin, Philippe Claude and Göpfert, Beat
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Sep 2013 07:49
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:42

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