Cytostatic factor : an activity that puts the cell cycle on hold

Schmidt, Andreas and Rauh, Nadine R. and Nigg, Erich A. and Mayer, Thomas U.. (2006) Cytostatic factor : an activity that puts the cell cycle on hold. Journal of cell science, Vol. 119, H. 7. pp. 1213-1218.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249357

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Fertilization is the fundamental process in which two gametes - sperm and oocyte - fuse to generate a zygote that will form a new multicellular organism. In most vertebrates, oocytes await fertilization while arrested at metaphase of meiosis II. This resting state can be stable for many hours and depends on a cytoplasmic activity termed cytostatic factor (CSF). Recently, members of the novel Emi/Erp family of proteins have been put forward as important components of CSF. These proteins inhibit the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), which acts at the very core of the cell cycle regulatory machinery. Initially, Xenopus early mitotic inhibitor 1 (Emi1) was proposed to be a component of CSF, but newer work suggests that a structural relative, Emi-related protein 1 (Erp1/Emi2), is essential for maintenance of CSF arrest in Xenopus. Most importantly, studies on Erp1/Emi2 regulation have led to a detailed molecular understanding of the Ca2+-mediated release from CSF arrest that occurs upon fertilization.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:17

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