Dental injuries resulting from tracheal intubation - a retrospective study

Vogel, Jobst and Stübinger, Stefan and Kaufmann, Markus and Krastl, Gabriel and Filippi, Andreas. (2009) Dental injuries resulting from tracheal intubation - a retrospective study. Dental traumatology, Vol. 25, H. 1. pp. 73-77.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5848048

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Even though it is known that dental injuries may occur in connection with tracheal intubation, the topic has hardly been evaluated in literature so far. Thus, this retrospective study was conducted including the data of 115-151 patients. All patients involved had been exposed to general anesthesia between 1995 and 2005. The resulting tooth injuries were assessed according to the following parameters: age, kind of hospital conducting treatment, intubation difficulties, pre-existing tooth damage, type and localization of tooth, type of tooth damage, and the number of teeth injured. At least 170 teeth were injured in 130 patients, while patients 50 years of age and older were especially affected. In contrast to older patients where in the majority of cases the periodontium (lateral dislocation) was injured, in younger patients dental hard tissue (crown fracture) was more likely to be affected. It was calculated that patients from the cardiothoracic surgery clinic were showing the highest risk of tooth damage. In more than three-fourth of all cases the anterior teeth of the maxilla, especially the maxillary central incisors, were affected. Pre-existing dental pathology like caries, marginal periodontitis and tooth restorations were often distinguishable prior to operation. Mouthguards in connection with tracheal intubation are not generally recommended as preventive device, due to the already limited amount of space available. Instead, pre-existing risk factors should be thoroughly explored before the induction of intubation narcosis.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Zahnmedizin > Klinik Zahnärztliche Chirurgie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Zahnmedizin > Klinik Zahnerhaltung > Zahnerhaltung (Weiger)
UniBasel Contributors:Filippi, Andreas and Krastl, Gabriel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Blackwell Munksgaard
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:42
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:31

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