Interaction of liposome formulations with human skin in vitro

Betz, G. and Imboden, R. and Imanidis, G.. (2001) Interaction of liposome formulations with human skin in vitro. International journal of pharmaceutics, Vol. 229, H. 1/2. pp. 117-129.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249193

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The interaction of liposome formulations consisting of Phospholipon 80 and sphingomyelin with human skin was investigated. These formulations were shown previously to have a composition-dependent effect on the penetration of Heparin into the skin. Fluorescence labelled phosphatidylethanolamine (PE-NBD) was incorporated in the liposomes and the depth in which the fluorescent phospholipid label enters into epidermal membrane and full thickness skin was studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Confocal sections parallel to the surface of the skin were recorded in heat separated epidermis. An even distribution of phospholipid in the lipid matrix of the stratum corneum surrounding the corneocytes was observed with Phospholipon 80 but not when sphingomyelin was included in the formulation. The addition of Heparin which formed a coating around the liposomes, caused a strong localization of fluorescence within the epidermis. For full thickness skin, mechanical cross sections of skin were made and optical sections were recorded parallel to the plane of cut. Phospholipid penetrated and was distributed fairly homogeneously in the lower dermis layers within 30 min of application regardless of liposome composition and the presence of Heparin. This rather quick penetration process seemed to follow distinct pathways along the epidermis and the upper dermis, notably the hair follicle route. Thus, a strong and in some respects composition-dependent interaction of phospholipids with skin is evident. These observations, however, are limited to the level of phospholipid molecules, rather than of entire liposomes interacting with skin.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Pharmazie > Industrial Pharmacy Lab (Betz)
UniBasel Contributors:Betz, Gabriele
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:16

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