Compliance with recommended immunizations in adolescents

Heininger, Ulrich and Loos, Kerstin and Lorenz, Imke and Rascher, Wolfgang. (2006) Compliance with recommended immunizations in adolescents. European journal of pediatrics, Vol. 165, H. 10. pp. 671-676.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5839134

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INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the completeness and timely administration of recommended standard immunizations in Germany. The goal of this study was to determine compliance with official standard immunization recommendations in adolescents attending secondary schools in the city of Erlangen, Germany. METHODS: Adolescents who were attending 5th grade (at approximately 11 years of age), 8th grade (14 years), or 10th and 11th grade (16-17 years) classes at any of the 13 of 14 schools that had agreed to participate were eligible to be enrolled. RESULTS: While coverage for the primary series of diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis immunizations was satisfactory (98%), coverage for measles-mumps-rubella immunizations (dose 1: 89-96%; dose 2: 60-76%) and hepatitis B (doses 1-3: 61%) was suboptimal. Of note, 39% of students had not received any immunization against pertussis. Completion of immunization series generally was significantly delayed. Furthermore, rates for recommended booster doses in adolescence were disappointingly low with 21% for tetanus component vaccines and >10% for the fifth dose of pertussis. CONCLUSIONS: Significant immunization gaps for all recommended standard immunizations in adolescents were detected. This puts individuals at risk for serious vaccine-preventable diseases, contributes to suboptimal herd immunity in the population under study leaving the potential for future epidemics, and impedes national and international targets of disease reduction or elimination.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine
UniBasel Contributors:Heininger, Ulrich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2012 06:53
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:29

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