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Herpes-simplex-Virus Typ 1 und 2 in der Schweiz

Laubereau, B. and Zwahlen, M. and Neuenschwander, B. and Heininger, U. and Schaad, U. B. and Desgrandchamps, D.. (2000) Herpes-simplex-Virus Typ 1 und 2 in der Schweiz. Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, Jg. 130, H. 5. S. 143-150.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5839187

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Abstract

Herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 in Switzerland: A worldwide increase in the incidence of genital herpes infections has been described in recent years. Transmission of the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) by asymptomatic seropositive subjects is considered to be a relevant mode of infection. The seroprevalence of HSV-2 varies considerably between different populations. In Europe, data are scarce and the epidemiological situation in Switzerland is unknown. In 1997 we performed serological examinations in 151 adult volunteers (87% between 20 and 49 years of age) of a low-risk population from the region of Basel with no history of genital herpes or any other sexually transmitted disease. The overall seroprevalence of HSV-1 was 77% and an annual seroconversion rate of 4.6% (95% CI: 3.8-5.6) was estimated for both sexes. Of the 51 subjects with no symptoms of orolabial herpes, 25 (49%) proved to be HSV-1 seropositive. In contrast, of 91 patients with symptoms of orolabial herpes, 90 (97%) had serum antibodies against HSV-1. The seroprevalence of HSV-2 was 14.6% for women (n = 89) and 8.1% for men (n = 62). The annual seroconversion rate was estimated to be 0.61% (95% CI: 0.14-1.4) for women and 0.49% (95% CI: 0.09-1.4) for men for the period after 1985 (when "safer sex" and the use of condoms were promoted). Our results indicate the significance of herpes simplex virus type 2 infections in Switzerland. More detailed studies are needed to describe the epidemiology of HSV-2 infections more reliably, especially in view of progress in the development of vaccines against HSV infections.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB)
03 Faculty of Medicine
UniBasel Contributors:Heininger, Ulrich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Benno Schwabe
ISSN:0036-7672
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Oct 2012 15:18
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:19

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