Expression and function of the LIM homeodomain protein Apterous during embryonic brain development of Drosophila

Herzig, M. C. and Thor, S. and Thomas, J. B. and Reichert, H. and Hirth, F.. (2001) Expression and function of the LIM homeodomain protein Apterous during embryonic brain development of Drosophila. Development genes and evolution, Vol. 211, H. 11. pp. 545-554.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5250940

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We analyzed the expression and function of the LIM-homeodomain transcription factor Apterous (Ap ) in embryonic brain development of Drosophila. Expression of Ap in the embryonic brain begins at early stage 12 and is subsequently found in approximately 200 protocerebral neurons and in 4 deutocerebral neurons. Brain glia do not express Ap. Most of the Ap-expressing neurons are interneurons and project their axons across the midline to the contralateral hemisphere; a smaller subset projects their axons into the ventral nerve cord. A few Ap-expressing neurons project to the ring gland, suggesting that they are neurosecretory cells. In ap loss-of-function mutants, some of the protocerebral and deutocerebral interneurons that express Ap in the wild type show axon pathfinding errors and fasciculation defects in the brain, notably in the fascicles of the brain commissure. In contrast, the interneurons that project to the ring gland do not appear to be affected in ap mutants. Thus, in brain development, Ap is required for correct axon guidance and fasciculation of interneurons, and Ap-expressing cells may also be involved in the brain neuroendocrine system.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Molecular Zoology (Reichert)
UniBasel Contributors:Reichert, Heinrich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:16

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