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Near East mtDNA haplotype variants in Roman cattle from Augusta Raurica, Switzerland, and the Swiss Evolène breed

Schlumbaum, A. and Turgay, M. and Schibler, J.. (2006) Near East mtDNA haplotype variants in Roman cattle from Augusta Raurica, Switzerland, and the Swiss Evolène breed. Animal Genetics, 37 (4). pp. 373-375.

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Abstract

Typical Near East mitochondrial haplotypes of the T2 lineage were found in one cattlemetacarpus sample from the Roman period and in two present-day Evole`ne cattle inSwitzerland. Sequences from eight additional Evole`ne and four Raetian Grey aligned to theEuropean haplotype T3. Analysis of nucleotide diversity within the mitochondrial D-loop ofboth studied Swiss cattle breeds revealed high haplotype diversity and similar diversity to aEuropean cattle reference group. Mitochondrial T3 haplotypes radiated star-like from twosimilarly frequent haplotypes, possibly indicating two different expansion routes. The breedstructure of Evole`ne cattle can be explained either by an introduction of diverse femalelineages from the domestication centre or by later admixture. The introduction of the NearEast lineage to Switzerland must have happened during the Roman time or earlier.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Archäozoologie (Schibler)
UniBasel Contributors:Schlumbaum, Angela and Schibler, Jörg M. and Turgay, Meral
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0268-9146
e-ISSN:1365-2052
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Oct 2017 05:54
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:08

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