Glucosinolates on the leaf surface perceived by insect herbivores : review of ambiguous results and new investigations

Städler, Erich and Reifenrath, Kerstin. (2009) Glucosinolates on the leaf surface perceived by insect herbivores : review of ambiguous results and new investigations. Phytochemistry reviews, Vol. 8 , S. 207–225.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252277

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Herbivorous insects identify their host plants either by structural features, chemical cues, or a combination. Some insects probe the host leaf prior feeding or oviposition, other species use olfactorial cues or compounds somewhere on the surface. Insects attacking Brassicaceae are no exception, some are attracted and stimulated by volatile isothiocyanates (ITC), many others depend fully on the non-volatile glucosinolates (GS) for host-plant recognition and acceptance. Since most insects have no access to the leaf interior investigators concluded that GS must be present on the leaf surface and ITC in the headspace. However, peelings of mechanically removed surface waxes were devoid of measurable amounts of GS, whereas solvent surface extractions revealed a correlation between stomatal conditions and GS concentrations. Both observations lead to the conclusion that the presence of GS on the top leaf surface is rather unlikely. In the experimental part we show that a chloroform/methanol/water (2:1:1 vol/ vol/vol) solvent leaf extract contains GS and, in addition, thia-triaza-fluorenes (TTF), other oviposition stimulants of the cabbage root fly, Delia radicum. Electrophysiological investigations showed that both, GS and TTF stimulated specific receptor neurones of the fly. We suggest that these compounds probably originated from deeper leaf layers and that herbivorous insects may penetrate the wax layer and perceive the stimulating compounds in deeper layers or through the stomata.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Naturschutzbiologie (Baur)
UniBasel Contributors:Städler, Erich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:28
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:03

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