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Sulphur behaviour in forest soils near the largest SO2 emitter in northern Europe

Koptsik, G. and Alewell, C.. (2007) Sulphur behaviour in forest soils near the largest SO2 emitter in northern Europe. Applied geochemistry, Vol. 22, H. 6. pp. 1095-1104.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5251156

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Abstract

The impact of 60 a of SO2 emissions from a Ni-Cu plant in the Kola Peninsula (Russia) on soil S contents was assessed in podzols under pine forests. Sulphate desorption and the possible delay of acidification reversal was investigated, because the plant will be reconstructed in 2006 with an expected emission reduction of 90%. Sites were sampled along a pollution gradient in the prevailing wind direction from 1 to 66 km. The investigated podzols stored S mostly in the organic form. The concentrations of total and organic S in soil organic horizons tended to be higher near the smelter but were only weakly correlated with S deposition. No relationship between distance to smelter and S contents was found for the mineral horizons. Sulphate content and desorption behavior were highly variable due to natural variations of texture and extractable Al and Fe contents of the soils. The lack of a clear strong trend with distance from the smelter except in the organic layer indicated that long range transport and diffuse input of SO4 played a major role rather than point source impact. It was concluded that biological turnover is most likely the regulating process in these soils and thus low to medium release of SO4 is expected under decreasing deposition scenarios because organic S was the dominant fraction of total S in all soils. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
UniBasel Contributors:Alewell, Christine
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Pergamon Press
ISSN:0883-2927
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:28
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 14:01

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