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Genetic diversity and fitness in Scabiosa columbaria in the Swiss Jura in relation to population size

Pluess, Anadrea R. and Stöcklin, Jürg. (2004) Genetic diversity and fitness in Scabiosa columbaria in the Swiss Jura in relation to population size. Conservation genetics, 5 (2). pp. 145-156.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249085

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Abstract

Due to changes in land use, remnants of unfertilised, nutrient-poor calcareous grassland in the Swiss Jura are small in area and are highly fragmented. We selected 89 seed families from eleven populations of various sizes of Scabiosa columbaria for a study of molecular diversity, and used the same material in a greenhouse experiment to measure variation in fitness-related traits and the ability of populations to cope with competition. Using RAPD-PCR we detected 71 RAPD-phenotypes among 87 genotypes. Molecular diversity within populations was variable and relatively high, with an expected heterozygosity H-e ranging from 0.09 to 0.24. H-e, the Shannon index (SI) and the percentage of polymorphic bands were not correlated with population size, but the smallest populations had the lowest molecular diversity (H-e, SI). Population differentiation was moderate with 12 of the molecular diversity among populations. Measures of fitness in the greenhouse differed among seed families (P > 0.001), but not among populations. Mean above-ground biomass was largely reduced when plants had to compete with Bromus. Mean fitness of populations decreased when molecular diversity (H-e) was low, but only when plants had to compete with Bromus (P = 0.02). Accordingly, the relative competition ability of Scabiosa plants decreased when molecular diversity (H-e) was low (P = 0.01). Our results suggest an increased risk of local extinction of Scabiosa columbaria in the Swiss Jura caused by a decreased viability and reduced phenotypic plasticity due to genetic erosion in small populations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Stöcklin, Jürg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1566-0621
e-ISSN:1572-9737
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 14:32
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:58

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