Water temperature and concomitant waterborne ethinylestradiol exposure affects the vitellogenin expression in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta)

Körner, Oliver and Kohno, Satomi and Schönenberger, René and Suter, Marc J.-F. and Knauer, Katja and Guillette, Louis J. and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia. (2008) Water temperature and concomitant waterborne ethinylestradiol exposure affects the vitellogenin expression in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta). Aquatic Toxicology, 90 (3). pp. 188-196.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252584

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Environmental estrogens have the potential to considerably affect the reproduction and development of aquatic vertebrates by interfering with the endocrine system. In addition to the potential risk of environmental estrogens, increasing water temperatures as a result of global warming have become a serious problem in many rivers and streams. To assess the degree of estrogenic exposure, the analysis of the estrogen-dependent protein vitellogenin (Vtg) is a frequently used biomarker in field studies. Little, however, is known regarding the potential interaction between ambient water temperature and the Vtg production induced by waterborne environmental estrogens. In order to test the influence of temperature on Vtg synthesis, we exposed juvenile brown trout to an environmentally relevant concentration of ethinylestradiol (EE(2)) and held them either at low or high temperatures (12 and 19 degrees C, respectively), but also at temperature cycles of 12-19 degrees C in order to simulate the field situation. The EE(2) exposure caused a 7-74-fold increase of hepatic Vtg mRNA. The synthesis of Vtg mRNA was clearly stimulated in fish held at higher water temperatures (12-19 degrees C and 19 degrees C, respectively). On the protein level, Vtg showed a similar pattern; the higher the temperature, the higher the concentration of Vtg in the plasma. The experiment further revealed a temperature-dependent increasing amount of hepatic estrogen receptor alpha mRNA (ERalpha) after exposure to waterborne EE(2). The gene expression of estrogen receptor beta-1 (ERbeta-1) and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in the liver of EE(2) exposed fish, however, showed no treatment-related alterations. In line with observed constant bile cortisol concentrations, our data do not indicate corresponding stress related effects on hepatic Vtg production. The present survey, however, clearly demonstrates that increased temperature significantly elevates the estrogen-induced expression of Vtg and therefore has to be considered when interpreting environmental monitoring studies.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Aquatische Ökologie (Holm)
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 10:59
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:57

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