Models for Type I X-ray bursts with improved nuclear physics

Woosley, S. E. and Heger, A. and Cumming, A. and Hoffman, R. D. and Pruet, J. and Rauscher, T. and Fisker, J. L. and Schatz, H. and Brown, B. A. and Wiescher, M.. (2004) Models for Type I X-ray bursts with improved nuclear physics. Astrophysical journal. Supplement series, Vol. 151, H. 1. pp. 75-102.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253976

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Multizone models of Type I X-ray bursts are presented that use an adaptive nuclear reaction network of unprecedented size, up to 1300 isotopes, for energy generation and include the most recent measurements and estimates of critical nuclear physics. Convection and radiation transport are included in calculations that carefully follow the changing composition in the accreted layer, both during the bursts themselves and in their ashes. Sequences of bursts, up to 15 in one case, are followed for two choices of accretion rate and metallicity, up to the point at which a limit cycle equilibrium is established. For (M)over dot=1.75x10(-9) M-circle dot yr(-1) (and (M)over dot=3.5x10(-10) M-circle dot yr(-1), for low metallicity), combined hydrogen-helium flashes occur. These bursts have light curves with slow rise times (seconds) and long tails. The rise times, shapes, and tails of these light curves are sensitive to the efficiency of nuclear burning at various waiting points along the rp-process path, and these sensitivities are explored. Each displays ``compositional inertia`` in that its properties are sensitive to the fact that accretion occurs onto the ashes of previous bursts that contain leftover hydrogen, helium, and CNO nuclei. This acts to reduce the sensitivity of burst properties to metallicity. Only the first anomalous burst in one model produces nuclei as heavy as A=100. For the present choice of nuclear physics and accretion rates, other bursts and models make chiefly nuclei with Aapproximate to64. The amount of carbon remaining after hydrogen-helium bursts is typically less than or similar to1 and decreases further as the ashes are periodically heated by subsequent bursts. For (M)over dot=3.5x10(-10) M-circle dot yr(-1) and solar metallicity, bursts are ignited in a hydrogen-free helium layer. At the base of this layer, up to 90 to carbon prior to the unstable ignition of the helium shell. These helium-ignited bursts have (1) briefer, brighter light curves with shorter tails, (2) very rapid rise times (>0.1 s), and (3) ashes lighter than the iron group.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Rauscher, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:University of Chicago Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:27
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:56

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