Quantum dynamics in mesoscopic magnetism

Loss, D.. (1998) Quantum dynamics in mesoscopic magnetism. In: Dynamical properties of unconventional magnetic systems (NATO advanced science institutes series , Series E, Applied sciences, Vol. 349). Dordrecht, pp. 29-75.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5254760

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A review of quantum coherence effects in mesoscopic spin systems is presented. We begin with a general introduction to the topic of mesoscopic effects in magnetism and give some specific examples of current interest. We review then theoretical results in single domain magnetism of superparamagnetic type and mention recent measurements on antiferromagnetic grains (ferritin) and their interpretation in terms of macroscopic quantum coherence. Introducing the effects originating from spin parity in the context of ferromagnetic grains, we discuss antiferromagnetic particles with excess spins and molecular magnets such as the ferric wheel. It is shown that tunneling in such magnets can be tuned by external magnetic fields and is directly observable via the magnetization and the Schottky anomaly in the specific heat. The main part of the review will be devoted to non-uniform magnets and specifically to the quantum dynamics of domain walls or magnetic solitons. In a semiclassical analysis based on coherent spin-state path-integrals an effective model for the domain wall dynamics is derived which includes the effects of spin-wave dissipation and of quantum spin phases (Berry phases). In the presence of a Peierls potential (e.g. due to the discrete lattice) the soliton center can tunnel coherently between the lattice sites and form a Bloch band. Integer and half-odd integer spins have different energy dispersions resulting from interference between soliton states of opposite chirality-the internal rotation sense of the soliton. These effects occur in ferro- and antiferromagnets due to the presence of a topological spin phase. For antiferromagnetic chains, this spin phase occurs in addition to the Pontryagin-index phase. We will discuss experimental consequences of this Bloch band structure and show that -in analogy to Bloch oscillations of crystal electrons- static magnetic fields induce large oscillations in the sample magnetization.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item, refereed
Conference or workshop item Subtype:Conference Paper
Publisher:Kluwer Acad. Publ.: 1998
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Conference paper
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:26
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:54

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