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The truth about the truth : a meta-analytic review of the truth effect

Dechêne, Alice and Stahl, Christoph and Hansen, Jochim and Wänke, Michaela. (2010) The truth about the truth : a meta-analytic review of the truth effect. Personality and social psychology review, Vol. 14, H. 2. pp. 238-257.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5265731

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Abstract

Repetition has been shown to increase subjective truth ratings of trivia statements. This truth effect can be measured in two ways: (a) as the increase in subjective truth from the first to the second encounter (within-items criterion) and (b) as the difference in truth ratings between repeated and other new statements (between-items criterion). Qualitative differences are assumed between the processes underlying both criteria. A meta-analysis of the truth effect was conducted that compared the two criteria. In all, 51 studies of the repetition-induced truth effect were included in the analysis. Results indicate that the between-items effect is larger than the within-items effect. Moderator analyses reveal that several moderators affect both effects differentially. This lends support to the notion that different psychological comparison processes may underlie the two effects. The results are discussed within the processing fluency account of the truth effect.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Sozial- und Wirtschaftspsychologie (Wänke)
UniBasel Contributors:Wänke, Michaela and Hansen, Jochim and Stahl, Christoph and Dechêne, Alice
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
ISSN:1088-8683
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:26
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:53

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