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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and their persisting sequelae in adult life

Spohr, Hans-Ludwig and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph. (2008) Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and their persisting sequelae in adult life. Deutsches Ärzteblatt international, Vol. 105, H. 41. pp. 693-698.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5250655

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The present review describes the different variants of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) as a consequence of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy. According to international findings, some 3000 to 4000 affected newborns may be expected annually in Germany. Detection of these individuals in clinical practice is insufficient. METHOD: Selective review of the literature and report of own findings based on longitudinal studies. RESULTS: Key features of FASD are short stature, microcephaly, various dysmorphic features, in severe cases amongst others consisting of congenital heart disease and dysplasias of the skeleton and urogenital system, varying degrees of developmental delay including mental retardation, and a positive history of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy. Longitudinal studies in young adulthood show that independent of the severity of FASD the key features remain associated with limitations of an independent life-style. DISCUSSION: Pathogenesis of FASD is not sufficiently clear and there is no causal treatment. Thus, besides prevention and information, early diagnosis, installation of fostering or adoption, and intensive psychosocial care including selection of appropriate schooling, occupational counselling and supportive care in adulthood are mandatory.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Dt. Ärzte-Verl.
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:26
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:53

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