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In vitro methylation of the BsuRI (5'-GGCC-3') sites in the E2a region of adenovirus type 2 DNA does not affect expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes

Vardimon, L. and Günthert, U. and Doerfler, W.. (1982) In vitro methylation of the BsuRI (5'-GGCC-3') sites in the E2a region of adenovirus type 2 DNA does not affect expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Molecular and cellular biology, 2 (12). pp. 1574-1580.

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Abstract

The early region 2a (E2a) of adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) DNA codes for a 72,000-dalton DNA-binding protein and is expressed in the Ad2-transformed hamster cell line HE1 but not in cell lines HE2 and HE3 (H. Esche, J. Virol. 41:1076-1082, 1982; K. Johansson et al., J. Virol. 27:628-639, 1978). An inverse correlation between DNA methylation at the 5'-CCGG-3' sites of the E2a region and of gene expression in these cell lines has been observed (L. Vardimon et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 8:2461-2473, 1980). When the cloned E2a region of Ad2 DNA is methylated in vitro at the 5'-CCGG-3' sites, the gene is not transcribed after being injected into the nuclei of Xenopus laevis oocytes, whereas unmethylated DNA is expressed (L. Vardimon et al., Eur. J. Cell Biol. 25:13-15, 1981; L. Vardimon et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79:1073-1077, 1982). These data demonstrate that DNA methylation is directly involved in the shut-off of transcription. In the present communication we investigated in detail the control region of the gene for the DNA-binding protein in Ad2-transformed cell lines and showed that the first late control region (map coordinate 72 on the viral DNA) of the E2a region is present in its entirety in cell lines HE1, HE2, and HE3. The HaeIII sites (5'-GGCC-3') in the E2a region in all three cell lines were not methylated. When the DNA methyltransferase BsuRI was used, all 5'-GGCC-3' sites in the cloned E2a region of Ad2 DNA were methylated in vitro. It was shown that methylation of these sites did not inhibit the expression of this viral gene in X. laevis oocytes. Thus, for methylation to affect gene expression in the E2a region it has to occur at specific sites (e.g., 5'-CCGG-3') which may be different for other genes.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Allgemeine und spezielle Pathologie (Oberholzer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Allgemeine und spezielle Pathologie (Oberholzer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Allgemeine Pathologie (Tolnay)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Allgemeine Pathologie (Tolnay)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Neuro- und Muskelpathologie (Frank)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Neuro- und Muskelpathologie (Frank)
UniBasel Contributors:Günthert, Ursula
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:1098-5549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Last Modified:19 Sep 2017 07:02
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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