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Investigation of binary polar solvent mixtures, solubilized ferroelectric salts and paraffin-based derivatives using dielectric spectroscopy

Daneshvari, Dana. Investigation of binary polar solvent mixtures, solubilized ferroelectric salts and paraffin-based derivatives using dielectric spectroscopy. 2007, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_7942

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Abstract

Water properties are the subject of investigations in physics, chemistry, biology and
different applied fields of natural science.
Liquid dosage forms, generally based on aqueous solutions, take an important role in
drug administration e.g. as parenteral preparations, ophthalmic formulations or as
oral solutions for children and elderly patients. Sufficient drug solubility in water is a
prerequisite for orally administrated solid dosage forms such as tablets, capsules,
etc. to show a sufficient bioavailability. The solubility of a drug is determined by
intermolecular forces. While these can be reasonably well characterized in gaseous
and solid material, no satisfying description has yet been found for liquid systems,
especially for nonideal solutions. The presence of several types of intermolecular
interactions let water show rather a complex associated structure due to which it has
a number of its abnormal properties.
In part A of this work, the intermolecular forces in pure solvents and binary mixtures
at 298.2 K (25°C) are investigated, using quasistatic low-frequency and AC highfrequency
broadband (0.2-20 GHz) dielectric spectroscopy.
The data were interpreted using for the low frequency measurements the modified
Clausius-Mossotti-Debye equation according to Leuenberger and Kirkwood-Fröhlich
equation. For the description of the dielectric relaxation in the high frequency range
there are different models available which describe the relaxation behaviour of a
polar liquid. The most simple equation is the Debye equation, which will be described
and will be compared with the other models in the theory chapter. It has to be kept in
mind that the resulting relaxation times (
Advisors:Leuenberger, Hans
Committee Members:Caraballo, Isodoro
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmazeutische Technologie (Huwyler)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:7942
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:275
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 11:43
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 16:07

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