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Impact of a child stimulation intervention on early child development in rural Peru : a cluster randomised trial using a reciprocal control design

Hartinger, Stella Maria and Lanata, Claudio Franco and Hattendorf, Jan and Wolf, Jennyfer and Gil, Ana Isabel and Obando, Mariela Ortiz and Noblega, Magaly and Verastegui, Hector and Mäusezahl, Daniel. (2017) Impact of a child stimulation intervention on early child development in rural Peru : a cluster randomised trial using a reciprocal control design. Journal of epidemiology & community health, 71 (3). pp. 217-224.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54429/

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Abstract

Stimulation in early childhood can alleviate adverse effects of poverty. In a community-randomised trial, we implemented 2 home-based interventions, each serving as an attention control for the other. One group received an integrated household intervention package (IHIP), whereas the other group received an early child development (ECD) intervention. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of IHIP on diarrhoea and respiratory infections, the details of which are described elsewhere. Here, we present the impact of the ECD intervention on early childhood development indicators.; In this non-blinded community-randomised trial, an ECD intervention, adapted from the Peruvian government's National Wawa Wasi ECD programme, was implemented in 25 rural Peruvian Andean communities. We enrolled 534 children aged 6-35 months, from 50 communities randomised 1:1 into ECD and IHIP communities. In ECD communities, trained fieldworkers instructed mothers every 3 weeks over the 12 months study, to stimulate and interact with their children and to use standard programme toys. IHIP communities received an improved stove and hygiene promotion. Using a nationally validated ECD evaluation instrument, all children were assessed at baseline and 12 months later for overall performance on age-specific developmental milestones which fall into 7 developmental domains.; At baseline, ECD-group and IHIP-group children performed similarly in all domains. After 12 months, data from 258 ECD-group and 251 IHIP-group children could be analysed. The proportion of children scoring above the mean in their specific age group was significantly higher in the ECD group in all domains (range: 12-23%-points higher than IHIP group). We observed the biggest difference in fine motor skills (62% vs 39% scores above the mean, OR: 2.6, 95% CI 1.7 to 3.9).; The home-based ECD intervention effectively improved child development overall across domains and separately by investigated domain. Home-based strategies could be a promising component of poverty alleviation programmes seeking to improve developmental outcomes among rural Peruvian children.; ISRCTN28191222; results.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Health Systems Research and Dynamic Modelling > Household Health Systems (Mäusezahl)
UniBasel Contributors:Hattendorf, Jan and Mäusezahl, Daniel and Hartinger, Stella and Wolf, Jennyfer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Publisher:BMJ Publ. Group
ISSN:0143-005X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:24 Apr 2017 14:00
Deposited On:24 Apr 2017 14:00

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