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Hypercholesterinämie bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Ist ein Screening sinnvoll?

Keller, U.. (1995) Hypercholesterinämie bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Ist ein Screening sinnvoll? Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, Jg. 125 , Nr. 7. S. 255-263.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6419893

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Abstract

Risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and smoking are already operative in children and during adolescence; it has been demonstrated that they favour the development of early atherosclerosis lesions in young adults. This fact poses the question of diagnosis and treatment of risk factors. There is still controversy whether hypercholesterolemia should be searched for by universal or by selective screening, or by no screening at all. Several professional organizations favour a selective screening strategy, i.e. determination of serum cholesterol if one parent has premature coronary heart disease (before age 55 yr) or if the family has familial hyperlipidemia, in particular familial hypercholesterolemia. This strategy is advocated here: cholesterol should be measured early, i.e. between age 6 and 8 yr. A total serum cholesterol of textgreater 5.2 mmol/l is elevated (approx. 75th percentile) and should be further evaluated and possibly treated. The presence of familial hypercholesterolemia should be looked for in particular: such individuals can now be diagnosed with molecular genetic tools, and they are particularly prone to develop premature coronary heart disease. Treatment of hypercholesterolemia is mainly of a dietary nature, or possible with a bile acid binding resin (cholestyramine). Other drugs have not been sufficiently evaluated for efficacy and safety; they may be indicated in special cases such as patients with a very high risk. Young people with familial hypercholesterolemia should be particularly counselled to avoid other risk factors such as smoking.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Metabolism (Keller/Müller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
UniBasel Contributors:Keller, Ulrich O.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Benno Schwabe
ISSN:0036-7672
Note:Variant title: [Hypercholesterolemia in children and young adults: should screening be done?] -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:02 Oct 2015 10:00
Deposited On:02 Oct 2015 10:00

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