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7,8-Dihydro-8-oxoadenine, a highly mutagenic adduct, is repaired by Escherichia coli and human mismatch-specific uracil/thymine-DNA glycosylases

Talhaoui, I. and Couve, S. and Ishchenko, A. A. and Kunz, C. and Schar, P. and Saparbaev, M.. (2013) 7,8-Dihydro-8-oxoadenine, a highly mutagenic adduct, is repaired by Escherichia coli and human mismatch-specific uracil/thymine-DNA glycosylases. Nucleic Acids Research, 41 (2). pp. 912-923.

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Abstract

Hydroxyl radicals predominantly react with the C(8) of purines forming 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8oxoG) and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoadenine (8oxoA) adducts, which are highly mutagenic in mammalian cells. The majority of oxidized DNA bases are removed by DNA glycosylases in the base excision repair pathway. Here, we report for the first time that human thymine-DNA glycosylase (hTDG) and Escherichia coli mismatch-specific uracil-DNA glycosylase (MUG) can remove 8oxoA from 8oxoA*T, 8oxoA*G and 8oxoA*C pairs. Comparison of the kinetic parameters of the reaction indicates that full-length hTDG excises 8oxoA, 3,N(4)-ethenocytosine (epsilonC) and T with similar efficiency (k(max) = 0.35, 0.36 and 0.16 min(-1), respectively) and is more proficient as compared with its bacterial homologue MUG. The N-terminal domain of the hTDG protein is essential for 8oxoA-DNA glycosylase activity, but not for epsilonC repair. Interestingly, the TDG status had little or no effect on the proliferation rate of mouse embryonic fibroblasts after exposure to gamma-irradiation. Nevertheless, using whole cell-free extracts from the DNA glycosylase-deficient murine embryonic fibroblasts and E. coli, we demonstrate that the excision of 8oxoA from 8oxoA*T and 8oxoA*G has an absolute requirement for TDG and MUG, respectively. The data establish that MUG and TDG can counteract the genotoxic effects of 8oxoA residues in vivo.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Biochemistry and Genetics > Molecular Genetics (Schär)
UniBasel Contributors:Schär, Primo Leo
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
e-ISSN:1362-4962
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:10 Oct 2017 08:37
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:12

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