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Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities, task feedback, and cognitive load guide judgment strategies

Hoffmann, Janina Anna. Pillars of judgment : how memory abilities, task feedback, and cognitive load guide judgment strategies. 2014, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Psychology.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_10802

Abstract

Making judgments is an essential part of everyday life and how people form a
judgment has instigated a plethora of research. Research in judgment and categorization has
particularly contrasted two types of judgment strategies: rule-based and similarity-based
strategies. Recent research suggests that people can make use of both rule- and similaritybased
strategies and frequently shift between these strategies. To select between strategies,
contingency approaches propose that people trade off the strategies’ accuracy against the
effort needed to execute strategy so that the selected strategy matches the demands of the task
environment and the capabilities of the decision maker. This dissertation presents three papers
investigating how accuracy-effort trade-offs between rule-based and similarity-based
judgment strategies change strategy selection in judgment and categorization tasks.
The first paper studies how reducing working memory by imposing a cognitive load
may foster shifts to a less demanding similarity-based strategy and, in turn, enhances
judgment performance in tasks well solved by a similarity-based strategy, but not in tasks for
which rules are better suited. The second paper compares judgment strategies to strategies
people apply in categorization. It shows that the same task characteristics, namely the number
of cues and the functional relationship between cues and criterion, foster shifts between rulebased
and similarity-based strategies in judgment and categorization. The third manuscript
explores which memory abilities underlie rule-based and similarity-based judgments.
Specifically, it shows that working memory predicts to a stronger degree how well people
solve rule-based judgment tasks, whereas episodic memory is more closely linked to
judgment performance in similarity-based tasks. Furthermore, episodic memory also predicts
selecting a similarity-based strategy, but not working memory.
Advisors:Rieskamp, Jörg
Committee Members:Lewandowsky, Stephan
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Abteilung Economic Psychology > Economic Psychology (Rieskamp)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis no:10802
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:71 S.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 10:55
Deposited On:20 Jun 2014 10:01

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