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Computational Analysis of Methyltransfer Reactions in Dengue Virus Methyltransferase

Schmidt, Tobias B. and Schwede, Torsten and Meuwly, Markus. (2014) Computational Analysis of Methyltransfer Reactions in Dengue Virus Methyltransferase. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 118 (22). pp. 5882-5890.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6263133

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Abstract

S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) dependent methyltransferases (MTases) play crucial roles in many biological processes. The MTase of the dengue virus is of particular interest for the development of antiviral drugs against flaviviruses. It catalyzes two distinct methylation reactions on the N7 and the 2'O position of the viral RNA cap structure. Based on density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations, the molecular basis of the underlying chemical reactions involved in the N7 and the 2'O methyltransfer reactions of this enzyme were investigated using model systems. Calculations in the condensed phase show that both reactions are exergonic with significant activation barriers of 13.7 kcal/mol and 17.6 kcal/mol and stable product states, stabilized by 23.5 kcal/mol and 16.9 kcal/mol compared to the reactant states for the N7 and the 2'O reaction, respectively. We find that the reaction rate for the 2'O reaction is significantly enhanced in the presence of the native proton acceptor group, which lowers the activation barrier in the catalyzed reaction by 3.8 kcal/mol compared to the uncatalyzed reaction in aqueous solution. Furthermore, the 2'O reaction involves a methyl and a proton transfer reaction. Our results suggest that these two reactions occur in a concerted fashion in which the methyl group and the proton are transferred simultaneously. From a therapeutic viewpoint, SAM analogs stable under physiological conditions are particularly relevant. One such compound in MeAzaSAM, an isostructural mimic of SAM, for which the present calculations suggest that the methyltransfer reaction is unlikely to occur under biologically relevant conditions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Computational & Systems Biology > Bioinformatics (Schwede)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Meuwly)
UniBasel Contributors:Schwede, Torsten and Meuwly, Markus and Schmidt, Tobias
Item Type:Article, refereed
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1520-6106
e-ISSN:1520-5207
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:24 Apr 2017 09:42
Deposited On:20 Jun 2014 07:56

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