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Characterization of the dysferlin protein and its binding partners reveals rational design for therapeutic strategies for the treatment of dysferlinopathies

Di Fulvio, Sabrina. Characterization of the dysferlin protein and its binding partners reveals rational design for therapeutic strategies for the treatment of dysferlinopathies. 2013, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_10692

Abstract

Dysferlinopathies are incurable recessively inherited muscular dystrophies caused by loss of the dysferlin protein. Dysferlin is essential for the plasma membrane repair of skeletal muscle cells and is required for myotube formation. To design treatment strategies for dysferlinopathies, we studied dysferlinÕs molecular biology and characterized the functionality of dysferlinÕs seven C2 domains, its degradation pathway and its interaction with a novel protein, histone deacetylase 6.
The results indicate that dysferlin and histone deacetylase 6 form a triad interaction with alpha-tubulin to modulate the acetylated alpha-tubulin levels of muscle cells, which may play a regulatory role during myotube formation. Furthermore, the characterization of dysferlinÕs C2 domains revealed that there is functional redundancy in their ability to localize dysferlin to, and effect repair of, the plasma membrane. Taking these results into consideration, we designed shorter, functional dysferlin molecules for usage in gene therapy.
To find a novel pharmacological therapy for patients with dysferlin deficiency, we investigated the inhibition of dysferlinÕs degradation pathway. We demonstrated that when salvaged from proteasomal degradation, missense mutated dysferlin retained its biological activities for plasmalemmal localization, plasmalemmal repair and myotube formation. Further studies using recombinant missense mutated dysferlin constructs showed that certain missense mutants are intrinsically biologically active; whereas others lack functionality even when their levels are increased by transient transfection or by inhibiting their proteasomal degradation. Proteasomal inhibition represents a novel potential pharmacological treatment strategy for patients with dysferlin deficiency.
Advisors:Sinnreich, Michael
Committee Members:Spiess, Martin and Rüegg, Markus A.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Neuromuscular Research (Sinnreich)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis no:10692
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:157 S.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 10:55
Deposited On:05 May 2014 12:38

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