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Hemojuvelin is essential for dietary iron sensing, and its mutation leads to severe iron overload

Niederkofler, V. and Salie, R. and Arber, S.. (2005) Hemojuvelin is essential for dietary iron sensing, and its mutation leads to severe iron overload. Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 115, H. 8. S. 2180-2186.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259077

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Abstract

Iron homeostasis plays a critical role in many physiological processes, notably synthesis of heme proteins. Dietary iron sensing and inflammation converge in the control of iron absorption and retention by regulating the expression of hepcidin, a regulator of the iron exporter ferroportin. Human mutations in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein hemojuvelin (HJV; also known as RGMc and HFE2) cause juvenile hemochromatosis, a severe iron overload disease, but the way in which HJV intersects with the iron regulatory network has been unclear. Here we show that, within the liver, mouse Hjv is selectively expressed by periportal hepatocytes and also that Hjv-mutant mice exhibit iron overload as well as a dramatic decrease in hepcidin expression. Our findings define a key role for Hjv in dietary iron sensing and also reveal that cytokine-induced inflammation regulates hepcidin expression through an Hjv-independent pathway.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Neurobiology > Cell Biology (Arber)
UniBasel Contributors:Arber, Silvia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society for Clinical Investigation
ISSN:0021-9738
e-ISSN:1558-8238
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:13 Oct 2017 08:17
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:21

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