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[Nutritional status and dietary diversity in nomadic and sedentary rural women on the southeast bank of Lake Chad]

Bechir, M. and Schelling, E. and Moto, D. D. and Tanner, M. and Zinsstag, J.. (2011) [Nutritional status and dietary diversity in nomadic and sedentary rural women on the southeast bank of Lake Chad]. Médecine tropicale, Vol. 71, H. 6. S. 582-587.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006572

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Abstract

Malnutrition and undernourishment are widespread in the Sahelian region of Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess nutritional status and associated risk factors among nomadic and sedentary rural women on the southeast bank of Lake Chad. It was a repeated cross-sectional study based on semi-structured interviews and anthropometric measurements. A total of 734 women including 398 nomads and 336 sedentaries were randomly selected. Only non-pregnant women were included for calculation of the body mass index. Results showed a higher prevalence of malnutrition among nomadic women than sedentary women during the dry season: 48% (95% CI: 42-53) versus 16.2% (95% CI: 12-20). Obesity was observed in 4% (95% CI: 2.4-7) of sedentary women versus 0% of nomadic women. These rates were similar during the wet season. Malnutrition rates differed significantly (p>0.01) between the two groups within each season but not between seasons within each group. The average household dietary diversity score (HDDS) determined on a scale of 12 was low in both nomadic and sedentary women: 4.5 (95% CI: 4.4-4.6) and 5.1 (95% CI: 5.0-5.3) respectively. Malnutrition was significantly correlated with HDDS, number of children and ethnic group.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Malaria Vaccines (Tanner)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Malaria Vaccines (Tanner)
UniBasel Contributors:Tanner, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
ISSN:0025-682X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:27 Feb 2014 15:46
Deposited On:27 Feb 2014 15:46

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