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Epidemiology of schistosomiasis in two hgh-risk communities of south Côte d'Ivoire with particular emphasis on pre-school-aged children

Coulibaly, Jean T. and N'gbesso, Yves K. and N'guessan, Nicaise A. and Winkler, Mirko S. and Utzinger, Jürg and N'goran, Eliézer K.. (2013) Epidemiology of schistosomiasis in two hgh-risk communities of south Côte d'Ivoire with particular emphasis on pre-school-aged children. American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, Vol. 89, H. 1. S. 32-41.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6164956

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Abstract

Abstract. Schistosomiasis control efforts mainly target school-aged children. We studied the epidemiology of schistosomiasis in two high-risk communities in south Côte d'Ivoire, placing particular emphasis on pre-school-aged children. We used a suite of diagnostic techniques, including Kato-Katz, urine filtration, reagent strips, and urine circulating cathodic antigen cassettes. Risk factors for schistosomiasis were determined by focus group discussions and a structured questionnaire. The prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni in the two study villages among the pre-school-aged children (age > 6 years) was 20.9% and 25.0%, whereas several-fold higher prevalences were found in school-aged children (58.7-68.4%) and adolescents/adults (59.5-61.7%). The prevalence of S. haematobium in the three age groups was 5.9-17.3%, 10.9-18.4%, and 3.8-21.3%, respectively. Most participants had light-intensity infections. Mothers' occupations and older siblings play important roles in the epidemiology of schistosomiasis in pre-schoolers. In the current epidemiologic settings, more attention is warranted on pre-school-aged children and adolescents/adults for successful schistosomiasis control.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Utzinger, Jürg and Winkler, Mirko S.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Williams and Wilkins
ISSN:0002-9637
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Dec 2013 09:35
Deposited On:06 Dec 2013 09:35

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