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Eating habits of preschool children with high migrant status in Switzerland according to a new food frequency questionnaire

Ebenegger, Vincent and Marques-Vidal, Pedro and Barral, Jérôme and Kriemler, Susi and Puder, Jardena J. and Nydegger, Andreas. (2010) Eating habits of preschool children with high migrant status in Switzerland according to a new food frequency questionnaire. Nutrition research, Vol. 30, H. 2. S. 104-109.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5842876

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Abstract

Assessment of eating habits in young children from multicultural backgrounds has seldom been conducted. Our objectives were to study the reproducibility and the results of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed to assess changes in eating habits of preschool children with a high migrant population, in the context of a multidisciplinary multilevel lifestyle intervention. Three kindergarten classes (53% from migrant backgrounds) in French-speaking Switzerland were randomly selected and included 16 girls and 28 boys (mean age +/- SD, 5.4 +/- 0.7 years). The FFQ was filled out twice within a 4-week interval by the parents. Spearman rank correlations between the first and the second FFQ for the 39 items of the food questions were as follows: low (r or= 0.70) for 9 (all P 0.50, all P > .01). Eighty-six percent of the children ate breakfast at home daily, but only 67% had lunch at home. The percentages of children eating at least once a week in front of the TV were as follows: 50% for breakfast, 33% for lunch, 38% for dinner, and 48% for snacks. Forty percent of children asked their parents to buy food previously seen in advertisements and ate fast food between once a week and once a month. Children generally consumed foods with a high-energy content. The FFQ yielded good test-retest reproducibility for most items of the food questions and gave relevant findings about the eating habits of preschool children in areas with a high migrant population
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:Puder, Jardena and Kriemler, Susi
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0271-5317
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:10
Deposited On:26 Apr 2013 06:55

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