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Airborne cultivable microflora and microbial transfer in farm buildings and rural dwellings

Normand, A. C. and Sudre, B. and Vacheyrou, M. and Depner, M. and Wouters, I. M. and Noss, I. and Heederik, D. and Hyvarinen, A. and Genuneit, J. and Braun-Fahrländer C., and von Mutius E., and Piarroux, R. and the Gabriel-A Study Group, . (2011) Airborne cultivable microflora and microbial transfer in farm buildings and rural dwellings. Occupational and environmental medicine, Vol. 68, H. 11. S. 849-855.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002101

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Abstract

Objectives Exposure to environments rich in microorganisms such as farms has been shown to protect against the development of childhood asthma and allergies. However, it remains unclear where, and how, farm and other rural children are exposed to microbes. Furthermore, the composition of the microbial flora is poorly characterised. We tested the hypothesis that farm children are exposed indoors to substantial levels of viable microbes originating from animal sheds and barns. We also expected that environmental microbial flora on farms and in farm homes would be more complex than in the homes of rural control children. Methods Dust samples were collected using passive samplers in the bedrooms of the following groups of children in rural Bavaria, Germany: (i) those living on farms (n=144), (ii) those regularly exposed to farm environments but not living on farms (n=149) and (iii) those never visiting farms (n=150). For farm children, additional samples were collected in animal sheds and barns. All samples were subjected to fungal and bacterial culturing. Results Detectable levels of microorganisms were more often found in samples taken from farm dwellings than from other homes. Farm dwellings also showed higher microbial levels. Microbial counts of farm dwelling samples correlated with the counts in corresponding animal sheds and barns. Conclusions Microorganisms are transported from animal sheds and barns into farm dwellings. Therefore, children living in these environments are exposed when indoors and when visiting animal sheds and barns. Indoor exposure may also contribute to the protective effect of the farm environment
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BMJ Publ. Group
ISSN:1351-0711
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Oct 2012 15:32
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 15:30

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