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Influence of temperature and cholesterol on the rotational diffusion of band 3 in the human erythrocyte membrane

Nigg, E. A. and Cherry, R. J.. (1979) Influence of temperature and cholesterol on the rotational diffusion of band 3 in the human erythrocyte membrane. Biochemistry, Vol. 18, H. 16. S. 3457-3465.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249533

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Abstract

Band 3 rotation in the human erythrocyte membrane is measured by observing flash-induced dichroism of eosin probes. The decay of the absorption anisotropy is found to be strongly dependent on temperature. The results are analyzed on the assumption that rotation of band 3 only occurs about the membrane normal. It is deduced that both fast and slowly rotating forms of band 3 coexist in the membrane. The equilibrium between these forms is temperature dependent, the slowly rotating species becoming increasingly dominant as the temperature is reduced. Plots of the fractional distribution of the different species against temperature show a marked change of slope at around 37--40 degrees C. The effects are essentially reversible over the range 1--45 degrees C and independent of the presence of the spectrin--actin network. The results could be due to temperature-dependent protein--protein associations mediated either by a protein conformational change or by lipid phase segregation. In further experiments, the cholesterol content of the erythrocyte membrane is varied by incubation with lipid vesicles. No significant changes in the rotational diffusion of band 3 are observed following variation of membrane cholesterol/phospholipid mole ratios over the range 0.34--1.66. This is a surprising result in view of the well-known effects of cholesterol on lipid fluidity.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:17

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