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Efficacy of artesunate and artemether against Clonorchis sinensis in rabbits

Kim, T. I. and Yoo, W. G. and Li, S. and Hong, S. T. and Keiser, J. and Hong, S. J.. (2009) Efficacy of artesunate and artemether against Clonorchis sinensis in rabbits. Parasitology research : Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Parasitologie, Vol. 106. S. 153-160.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5846741

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Abstract

Artesunate and artemether display promising clonorchicidal properties in rats. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of artesunate and artemether against Clonorchis sinensis in rabbits. Rabbits were each fed with 300 C. sinensis metacercariae. At day 28 postinfection, the rabbits were administered oral artesunate at doses of 7.5-120 mg/kg and oral artemether of 15-120 mg/kg. Two groups of rabbits were treated with single oral praziquantel at 75 and 150 mg/kg. Untreated rabbits served as controls. Fourteen days after treatment, all rabbits were sacrificed, and C. sinensis adults were collected from the bile ducts and counted. At the highest doses tested (120 mg/kg) artesunate and artemether achieved statistical significant worm burden reductions of 88.8% and 67.2%, respectively. These rates were lower than worm burden reductions observed with praziquantel (88% and 100%, respectively). It is suggested that artesunate and artemether have moderate anthelminthic efficacy against C. sinensis in rabbits.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Keiser, Jennifer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer-Verlag
ISSN:0932-0113
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Mar 2013 11:11
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:53

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