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Exchange bias systems studied by high resolution quantitative magnetic force microscopy

Özer, Sevil. Exchange bias systems studied by high resolution quantitative magnetic force microscopy. 2012, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_10008

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Abstract

It is generally believed that exchange bias (EB) implies the presence of pinned uncompen-
sated moments pin-UCS in the antiferromagnet (AF) layer that are coupled to the ferromagnet
(F) layer. An obstacle to understanding the EB e�ect is that only a subset of the UCS (those
pinned and coupled to the F) are responsible for the EB-e�ect. The materials used, but also the
experimental method and preparation may a�ect these subsets of UCS in distinct ways [19], and
an interpretation of UCS measurements must take this into account. Moreover, the materials
morphology, texture, defect density and nature of grain boundaries in
uence the density and
spatial distribution of the pin-UCS. Experimental methods that measure the pin-UCS density
distribution with spatial resolution comparable to the materials' grain size are needed.
Here we study F/AF heterostructure-samples by VSM and quantitative, high resolution
MFM. MFM works in magnetic �elds (up to several T) but is not element speci�c. Analyzing
data acquired with the F-layer in the saturated state and with di�erent magnetization states of
the tip allows the separation of the di�erent sources of MFM contrast. Using quantitative MFM
we measure the local areal density of pinned uncompensated moments (pin-UCS) in the antifer-
romagnetic (AF) CoO layer and correlate the F-domain structure in a perpendicular anisotropy
CoPt multilayer with the pin-UCS density [15]. Larger applied �elds drive the receding domains
to areas of proportionally higher pin-UCS aligned antiparallel to F-moments. This con�rms
our prior results [19] that these antiparallel pin-UCS are responsible for the EB-e�ect, while
parallel UCS coexist. The data con�rm that the evolution of the F-domains is determined by
the pin-UCS in the AF-layer, and also present examples of frustration in the system. This frus-
tration and the inhomogeneous spatial distribution of the pin-UCS also have a major e�ect on
the coercivity of the EB-systems that has not yet been acounted for. Moreover, grain-boundary
engineering can be used to decouple the AF grains leading to a stronger EB-e�ect but a smaller
coercivity.
New approaches with rare-earth-ferrimagnet/ferromagnet bilayers to increase unidirectional
anisotropy provided by the EB-e�ect will be discussed.
Advisors:Hug, Hans J.
Committee Members:Meyer, Ernst and Poggio, Martino
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimentalphysik (Hug)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis no:10008
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:89 S.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 10:49
Deposited On:27 Aug 2012 14:12

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