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Molecular simulations on proteins of biomedical interest : A. Ligand-protein hydration B. Cytochrome P450 2D6 and 2C9 C. Myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG)

Rossato, Gianluca. Molecular simulations on proteins of biomedical interest : A. Ligand-protein hydration B. Cytochrome P450 2D6 and 2C9 C. Myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG). 2011, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_9614

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Abstract

TOPIC 1: Water molecules mediating polar interactions in ligand–protein complexes contribute to both binding affinity and specificity. To account for such water molecules in computer-aided drug discovery, we performed an extensive search in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) to identify the geometrical criteria defining interactions of water molecules with ligand and protein. In addition, ab initio calculations were used to derive the propensity of ligand hydration. Based on these information we developed an algorithm (AcquaAlta) to reproduce water molecules bridging polar interactions between ligand and protein moieties. This approach was validated using 20 crystal structures and yielded a match of 76% between experimental and calculated water positions. The solvation algorithm was then applied to the docking of oligopeptides to the periplasmic oligopeptide binding protein A (OppA), supported by a pharmacophore-based alignment tool.
TOPIC 2: Drug metabolism, toxicity, and interaction profile are major issues in the drug discovery and lead optimization processes. The Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) 2D6 and 2C9 are enzymes involved in the oxidative metabolism of a majority of the marketed drugs. By identifying the binding mode using pharmacophore pre-alignement and automated flexible docking, and quantifying the binding affinity by multi-dimensional QSAR, we validated a model family of 56 compounds (46 training, 10 test) and 85 (68 training, 17 test) for CYP2D6 and CYP2C9, respectively. The correlation with the experimental data (cross- validated r2 = 0.811 for CYP2D6 and 0.687 for CYP2C9) suggests that our approach is suited for predicting the binding affinity of compounds towards the CYP2D6 and CYP2C9. The models were challenged by Y-scrambling, and by testing an external dataset of binding compounds (15 compounds for CYP2D6 and 40 for CYP2C9) and not binding compounds (64 compounds for CYP2D6 and 56 for CYP2C9).
TOPIC 3: After injury, neurites from mammalian adult central nervous systems are inhibited to regenerate by inhibitory proteins such as the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG). The block of MAG with potent glycomimetic antagonists could be a fruitful approach to enhance axon regeneration. Libraries of MAG antagonists were derived and synthesized starting from the (general) sialic acid moiety. The binding data were rationalized by docking studies, molecular dynamics simulations and free energy perturbations on a homology model of MAG. The pharmacokinetic profile (i.e. stability in cerebrospinal fluid, logD, and blood-brain barrier permeation) of these compounds has been thoroughly investigated to evaluate the drug-likeness of the identified antagonists.
Advisors:Vedani, Angelo
Committee Members:Moro, S.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Molecular Modeling (Vedani)
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis no:9614
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:244 S.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 10:42
Deposited On:04 Oct 2011 11:52

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