Laxhmi Chellappa, Sarah. Circadian and ultradian NREM-REM sleep modulation of dream recall : effects of age and spectral activity. 2011, PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.
Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_9575
Since dreaming crucially relies on the ultradian NREM/REM sleep, it is very likely that differences in the spectral composition of sleep prior to dreaming may pinpoint the cortical networks associated to dream generation. Surprisingly, frequency and regional specific differences in EEG activity prior to dreaming remains both controversial and with mixed results, due to the use of different sleep recordings and dream assessments. To answer this issue, NREM/REM sleep EEG power density associated with and without dream recall was investigated in young participants. NREM sleep was associated with lower EEG power density for dream recall in frontal delta and centro-parietal sigma activity, while REM sleep was associated with low frontal alpha activity, and with high occipital alpha and beta activity. Thus, specific EEG frequency- and topography changes can modulate differences between dream recall and no recall after NREM and REM sleep awakening.
In the next logical step, we investigated how age-related changes in sleep structure can impact on dream processing, an issue that remains largely unknown. During NREM sleep prior to dream recall, older participants had higher frontal EEG delta activity and higher centro-parietal sigma activity than the young volunteers. Contrariwise, before no recall, older participants had less frontal-central delta activity and less sigma activity in frontal, central and parietal derivations than the young participants. REM sleep was associated to age-related changes, such that older participants had less frontal-central alpha and beta activity, irrespective of dream recall and no recall. Taken together, age-related differences in dream recall seem to be directly associated to specific frequency and topography EEG activity patterns, particularly during NREM sleep. Thus, aging can result in specific changes for dream processing, most likely through its effects on sleep. The results in this thesis indicate that the circadian and ultradian NREM/REM sleep modulation on dream recall can help to better understand the mechanistic framework of this complex cognitive process.
|Committee Members:||Rüegg, Markus A.|
|Faculties and Departments:||05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Neurobiology > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Rüegg)|
|Bibsysno:||Link to catalogue|
|Number of Pages:||147 S.|
|Last Modified:||30 Jun 2016 10:42|
|Deposited On:||21 Sep 2011 14:50|
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