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Characterization of environmental estrogens in river water using a three pronged approach : active and passive water sampling and the analysis of accumulated estrogens in the bile of caged fish

Vermeirssen, Etiënne L. M. and Körner, Oliver and Schönenberger, René and Suter, Marc J. F. and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia. (2005) Characterization of environmental estrogens in river water using a three pronged approach : active and passive water sampling and the analysis of accumulated estrogens in the bile of caged fish. Environmental science & technology, Vol. 39, H. 21. S. 8191-8198.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252591

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Abstract

Estrogenicity of river water is highly variable and it is difficult to obtain an average measure of the estrogenicity. Consequently it is difficult to tie the estrogenic effects observed in fish to their level of exposure to estrogens. To get a better handle on average estrogenic exposure we tested a recently developed passive sampling system (polar organic chemical integrative sampler, POCIS). In addition, we investigated the bioaccumulation of estrogens in caged brown trout and measured plasma vitellogenin in males as a bioindicator of estrogenic effects. We developed a mini-caging method to suit the hydrological conditions in small rivers and to improve upon the often poor survival of salmonids in caging trials. POCISs were positioned upstream and downstream of 5 sewage treatment works' discharges and left on site for 3 weeks (as were the caged fish), during which period 3 water grab samples were taken at each site. Concentrations of estrogens were determined using a yeast-based reporter gene assay and chemical analysis. Results from grab sampling, passive sampling, and bioaccumulation were correlated; however, plasma vitellogenin concentrations were elevated at only 1 of 5 sites. POCISs provide an integrated and biologically meaningful measure of estrogenicity in thatthey accumulate estrogens in a pattern similar to that of brown trout. Mini-caging appears a significant methodological advance; no fish were lost, moreover, all fish survived in excellent health.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Programm Mensch Gesellschaft Umwelt MGU > Aquatische Ökologie (Holm)
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Soc.
ISSN:0013-936X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 13:01
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:57

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